At the ongoing ITC 2018, Dr Yervant Zorian , Synopsys fellow and chief architect, delivered the keynote. He said that today, change is in automotive and IoT. There were 15 competitors in 2004, which became six in autonomous driving. Connected cars is growing at 25 percent, and 92 percent connected cars should be built in 2020.
As of now, we have around 100 million codes in 2017, which are moving on to 300 million by 2025. The emerging technology trends are:
* Semi-autonomous /autonomous vehicles
* V2V (Vehicle to vehicle)
* V2I (Vehicle to infrastructure)
* Cloud connectivity
* Target users all age groups
Automotive apps need different SoC architectures. There are high-end ADAS, infotainment and MCUs.
ADAS is among the fastest-growing auto app. Sensors are seeing a fusion of massive data. We act fast, post data interpretation. The more data we provide to ML, we can get better results, via machine learning. AI is another growing area. There will be AI chips worth $38.6 million by 2025.
Automotive grade IP reduce risk and increase safety. Automotive test phases are in production test, power-on self-testing and in-field testing. Innovations benefit advanced designs on established nodes. We are now having EPPM below 1.
Automotive electrification drives the use of design IP. The amount and variety of IP is increasing. ASIL D/D is now ready for AEC-Q100 testing. Each Fin has to be accurate, to reduce repair. There is on-chip self-repair as well.
On logic side, ATPG is there for autonomous testing. The SoC-level hierarchical system automates. Fault diagnosis is done via the DDR PHY. Automotive grade IP (FS) reduces risk.
There is also the automotive safety integrity level (ASIL). ASIL levels of final product depends on implementation. Reliability, reduces risks. Mission-critical automotive ICs need ECCC. Adding RAS is also important.
Automotive test phases include production test phase, power on phase and mission mode phase, respectively.
Power on-off and periodic self-test for mission mode are available. Periodic testing can be done block by block. We need to pay to attention to the safety manager. Also, M-BIST implementation is must for functional safety. There is the Synopsys M-BIST.
Security is very critical, once we are connecting cars. Secure hardware is the root of trust. The tRoot provides a chipset that cannot be tampered. There must be detection and protection. Safety, quality and security play important roles.